Title of ArticlePerson-centredness – the ‘state’ of the art
Type of ArticleSpecial Issue Paper
Author/sBrendan McCormack, Marit Borg, Shaun Cardiff, Jan Dewing, Gaby Jacobs, Nadine Janes, Bengt Karlsson, Tanya McCance, Tone Elin Mekki, Davina Porock, Famke van Lieshout and Val Wilson
ReferenceVolume 5, Special Issue on Person-centredness, Article 1
Date of PublicationSeptember 2015
KeywordsInternational, practice development, strategy, person-centredness

Background: Person-centred practice is now firmly embedded in the nursing and healthcare discourse. While there is a growing body of development and research activity in the field, there is increased recognition of the need for further advances in the body of existing knowledge. This is reflected in the different approaches to person-centredness being adopted by healthcare systems internationally.

Aims: To provide an overview of person-centredness and ways in which person-centred practice has been adopted in healthcare systems internationally.

Methods: A summary review of the evidence underpinning the concepts and theory of person-centredness, incorporating an overview of national strategic frameworks that influence the development of person-centred practice in different countries.

Findings: While there have been considerable advances in the development of person-centredness, there is a lot of work to be done in the adoption of more consistent approaches to its development and evaluation. In particular, a shared discourse and measurement tools are needed. Internationally, person-centredness is gaining momentum and many countries have strategic frameworks in place to direct its development and implementation.

Conclusions: Significant developments in the theory and practice of person-centredness in nursing and healthcare have taken place. However, as evidenced by the accounts of in-country developments, internationally there is a need to develop more strategic multi-professional approaches to the development/implementation and evaluation of person-centred practices.
Implications for practice:

  • National developments in person-centred healthcare need to reflect the diversity of strategic approaches internationally
  • While a common language of person-centredness is emerging, there is a need for clarity over how this is operationalised in everyday practice situations
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